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Foundation Stage

In Nursery and Reception our children use numbers often during the day – to count how many children are here and to work out how many children can play in the home corner. They learn to recognise written numbers, and count at least to 20. They learn to add, and take away small numbers, through practical activities such as If we had 4 biscuits, and ate 1, how many would we have now? Children learn words such as ‘more’, ‘less’, bigger’ and ‘smaller’.

Key Stage 1

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in Year 1 and 2 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value.

This should involve working with numerals, words and the four operations, including with practical resources [for example, concrete objects and measuring tools].
At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. Teaching should also involve using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.
By the end of Year 2, pupils should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. An emphasis on practice at this early stage will aid fluency.
Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary, at a level consistent with their increasing word reading and spelling knowledge at key stage 1.

End of year expectations.

Nursery expectations 

•Count reliably to 20 and forwards and backwards

•Count 1-1 objects reliably to 10

•Recognise numbers to 5

•Begin to match numeral and quantity correctly to 5

•Begin to represent numbers using fingers, marks on paper or pictures

•Knows some number rhymes

•Begin to develop reasoning skills by describing thinking and talking about what they notice

•Begin to solve simple number problems

•Recognise number patterns on a dice

•Begin to count in 10’s and 2’s. 




Reception expectations

•Count reliably to 100

•Order numbers 1 – 20

•Count 1 – 1 objects reliably to 20 and beyond

•Recognise and write numbers to 20

•Add and subtract 2 single digit numbers using resources ( lines/counters)

• Identify one more / one less than a given number to 20

•Know number bonds to 10

•Count in 2’s, 5’s and 10’s

•Begin to solve number problems, including doubling and halving , sharing and missing numbers

•Begin to understand place value – teen numbers

•Have a go at mathematical challenges and begin to explain thinking

Year 1 expectations

•Number bonds to 20

•Place value to 100

•Addition – add 1 digit or 10 to a 2 digit number  

•Doubles and halves to 20

•Recognise all coins

•Change value amounts (basic p)

•Add / Subtraction word problems

•Understand  < and >  for 2 digit numbers

•Odd and even numbers

•Time – o’clock / half past



Year 2 expectations 

•Times Tables 2/5/10

•Time – quarter to and past

•Fractions thirds, quarters

•Apply number bonds – 100’s

•Count in 3’s

•Place value beyond 100+ crossing tens


•Division ( inverse)

•Money – different ways to make £ / p

•Money – change / difference

•Multiplication / division word problems

•Locate any number on a 100 square and write it